On this page are some common symptoms and possible causes of ‘paranormal’ phenomena.

Of course, this isn’t a complete list, and it cannot be assumed that these explain every single case. It’s the function of an investigation to uncover evidence for or against causes such as these.

  • ‘I’ve received disturbing messages from a Ouija board / pendulum / dowsing-rod.’
    Possible cause: The ideomotor effect.
  • ‘I keep seeing or sensing someone who recently died.’
    Possible cause: Bereavement.
  • ‘I’m troubled by the memory of something weird that happened years ago.’
    Possible cause: False memory.
  • ‘Freaky, impossible things keep happening.’ (Telepathy, precognition, or other unlikely chains of events.)
    Possible cause: Coincidences.